Carbon Monoxide (CO) is an extremely poisonous gas that can be present in the fumes from the combustion of fuel’s which aren’t burnt under the correct conditions. Fuels such as gas, oil, solid mineral fuel and biomass all have the potential to emit CO. The gas cannot be seen, smelled or tasted making it difficult to detect.
Protect yourself from CO
- Have your appliance serviced and cleaned regularly by a HETAS Registered Installer.
- Ensure your chimney is kept clear by having it swept at frequent intervals by a HETAS Approved Chimney Sweep.
- Use quality fuel in your solid fuel/wood burning appliance.
- Make sure the installation complies with Building Regulations guidance. The guidance is there to protect you.
- Fit an audible CO alarm conforming to BS EN 50291 and positioned in accordance with Building Regulations Approved Document J.
- Need an alarm? HETAS has a range of carbon monoxide detectors. Call 01684 278170 or email firstname.lastname@example.org for costs.
CO alarms should be regularly tested in accordance with the manufacturers instructions and should not be regarded as a substitute for regular maintenance of both the appliance and chimney.
The symptoms of carbon monoxide poisoning
The early symptoms of CO poisoning are usually similar to common ailments such as upset stomach, tiredness and flu.
The common symptoms can include:
- Nausea and/or vomiting
- Dizziness or Collapse
- Chest and/or stomach pains
- Erratic behaviour and/or Visual problems
Actions to take in a CO emergency
If you suspect fumes are escaping from your combustion appliance into your home, or your carbon monoxide alarm goes off.
- Turn the appliance off.
- Open doors and windows to ventilate the building.
- Leave the building immediately and don’t return until your appliance or boiler has extinguished and the air in the room is clear.
- If you feel unwell go to your Doctor, or call one of the following:
- Before you reuse the appliance, have it serviced by a HETAS Registered Installer and the chimney swept by an approved chimney sweep.
- Do not use the appliance until you are told it is safe to do so.
- Contact the HETAS Helpline on 01684 278170 which is available Monday-Friday 8:30am to 5pm (4:30pm on Friday)
CO alarms manufactured in accordance with standard EN50291 will activate if it has detected a certain concentration for a given time, as described below:
- 50 ppm: Alarm between 60 and 90 minutes
- 100 ppm: Alarm between 10 and 40 minutes
- 300 ppm: Alarm within 3 minutes
This ensures that the alarm activates when dangerous levels of CO have built up and immediate action is required. Please refer to the manufacturers instructions for specific guidance on the carbon monoxide alarm.
There are a number of organisations and charities who, along with HETAS, are committed to raising awareness of the dangers of carbon monoxide and Carbon Monoxide safety. Click here to find out more about these organisation and charities.